世界贸易组织(WTO)-与贸易有关的知识产权协议(TRIPS协议)(1994)

主题事项:
专利(发明), 实用新型., 工业品外观设计, 商标, 地理标志, 厂商名称, 集成电路布图设计, 竞争, 未披露的信息(商业秘密), 植物品种保护, 版权与相关权利(邻接权), 知识产权及相关法律的执行, 技术转让, 其他, 工业产权
备注:
“本协议是建立世界贸易组织马拉喀什协议(下文引为“WTO协议”)的附件1C,其于1994年4月15日通过,并于 1995年1月1日生效。TRIPS协议对WTO的所有成员有约束力(见WTO协议的第II.2条)。”
The TRIPS Agreement was amended through the Protocol of 6 December 2005 that entered into force on 23 January 2017. The amendment inserted a new Article 31bis into the Agreement as well as an Annex and Appendix. These provide the legal basis for WTO members to grant special compulsory licences exclusively for the production and export of affordable generic medicines to other members that cannot domestically produce the needed medicines in sufficient quantities for their patients.
现有文本: